Thomas Marshall Duke active in early Texas, Matagorda

   Thomas Marshall Duke, the first constitutional alcalde of Austin’s colony and one of Stephen F. Austin’s Old Three Hundred colonists, the son of Dr. Basil and Charlotte (Marshall) Duke, was born at Lexington, Kentucky, in 1795. 
   His mother was a niece of Chief Justice John Marshall. 
   Duke served in the War of 1812 under Gen. William Henry Harrison and was in the battle of the Thames, October 5, 1813. 
   In 1818 he married Eliza J. Taylor of Newport, Kentucky. 
   She died about six months after the marriage, and by 1819 Duke was in Natchitoches, Louisiana. 
   In 1821 or 1822 he sailed to Texas on the schooner Lively to join Austin’s colony. 
   The 1823 census of the Colorado District listed him. 
   On July 24, 1824, he received a sitio of land on Caney Creek in what is now Matagorda County. 

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